A Complete Guide To Lasik Eye Surgery Procedure
LASIK, also known as “laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis,” is a well-known laser refactive procedure used for the treatment of various refractive errors such as farsightedness (hyperopia), nearsightedness (myopia) and astigmatism. The main target of a Lasik eye surgery is to reshape the cornea of an individual, so that light passing through the eyes will become more focused on the retina, giving the person a clearer vision.
Lasik surgery procedure
The Lasik surgeon uses a laser called femtosecond laser to make a thin flap in the cornea. The thin flap is then folded back to get access to the underlying surface of the cornea while the Dr. Jackson removes a small amount of corneal tissue with the use of an excimer laser.
For patients diagnosed with nearsightedness, the objective of this eye surgery procedure is to flatten the cornea, while individuals with farsightedness can have a steeper shaped cornea after the operation.
Once the excimer laser has successfully reshaped the cornea into its desired shape, the thin flap is put back into place to cover the area where the corneal tissue was removed. The eye forms a natural bandage and heals without the need of stitches.
Topical anesthetic drops are used for the LASIK eye surgery.
Other requirements prior to the LASIK treatment
Below are the standard requirements that any patient must comply prior to the LASIK corrective eye surgery to achieve a favorable result after the surgery:
Full eye assessment will be required by Dr. Jackson to check the health condition of the eyes, get accurate measurements of the actual shape and thickness of the cornea, size of the pupil, type of refractive problem (farsightedness, nearsightedness and astigmatism) and other eye conditions affecting the patient such as dry eye disease.
A complete report of the patient’s health history plus other medications taken will dictate if the person is a suitable candidate for the LASIK procedure.
Contact lens wearers should avoid wearing contacts 1-2 weeks prior to the eye examination and also before the LASIK eye surgery because contact lenses may cause fluctuations in the natural shape of one’s cornea.
What to expect after surgery?
Patient is required to rest after surgery, but can go home that same day provided he/she has somebody to drive, since driving is a big “NO” immediately after the procedure, but can be resumed the next day.
An improved vision is expected starting the next day after the surgery and continues to improve as healing progresses.
Protective eye shields or goggles may be asked to be worn especially at night while sleeping to avoid accidental touching or rubbing.