Among the latest innovations developed that has greatly benefited everyone is the introduction of eye surgery procedures geared toward the treatment of refractive errors and eye diseases. One type of eye surgery that is widely recognized as the safest surgical method for cataract removal is cataract surgery.
The Basic Cataract Surgery Procedure
If diagnosed with a cataract formation, the following procedures are performed by the cataract surgeon:
- Prior to eye surgery, the eye doctor will conduct a complete eye evaluation to verify the overall health condition of the patient’s eyes and if he/she is a suitable candidate for this type of surgery.
- A refraction will also be required to check the level of his/her refractive problem, whether it is farsightedness, nearsightedness or astigmatism.
- Additional measurements will also be done on the eyes to determine their length and shape of the cornea. These measurements are vital, so that the cataract specialist can provide the patient with the best applicable cataract lens implant.
- After all the testing, the eye surgeon will also discuss with the patient what to expect prior, during and after the cataract eye surgery as well as the possible complications and recovery time after cataract surgery. All this data will be presented to you verbally, in written format or with the use of a video presentation, in order for the patient to have a well-informed decision, whether to go on with the surgery or delay it depending on the stage of the cataract.
- Once the patient decides to proceed with the surgery, he/she will be asked to sign a “consent form” stating his/her approval for the practicing surgeon to perform the procedure.
The actual cataract eye surgery procedure may only last 15 minutes, but you are expected to be at the eye surgical enter at least a couple of hours, so that your eye can be dilated well, an IV started for access for relaxing medications for the procedure, and the insurance paperwork that is necessary to be filled out. After the procedure the following restrictions apply:
- No heavy lifting of objects.
- Any strenuous activities like bending or exercising that may cause strain to the affected eye must be avoided while still on the healing stage.
- Avoid close contact with water to the affected eye like having showers, steam baths or swimming for at least 1 week.