What Are The Real Causes Of Pterygium?

Before we get to the real causes of Pterygium, let’s discuss first its meaning as well as the signs to look for if you have this type of eye disease and the various treatments needed to alleviate the patient’s pain or discomfort.

What is Pterygium?

Pterygium (plural word “pterygia”) was derived from the Greek word “pterygion” which means wing. Pterygium is often seen as the white growth on eye usually in the form of a wing-shaped growth of conjunctival tissue over the surface of the cornea. Most reported cases of pterygium start on the nasal side of the cornea.

Symptoms of Pterygium

  • Redness.
  • Tearing.
  • Irritation.
  • Blurred vision that can become worse when the Pterygium growth covers the entire central cornea.
  • Double vision.
  • Astigmatism.

Causes of Pterygium

  • Individuals who are exposed directly to the harmful rays of the sun without any eyewear protection like farmers, fishermen, field workers working on constructions sites and sports activities like golf, surfing and sailing.
  • Windy and dusty atmosphere.
  • Chronic irritation due to dry weather conditions.
  • Rare cases of genetic factors that can be attributed to the patient’s family history.
  • Risk factors like chronic ocular irritants, immunological mechanisms, tear film anomalies and human papilloma or Epstein-Barr viruses.

Preventive measure to minimize the possible growth of Pterygium

  • Avoid excessive exposure under the harmful rays of the sun.
  • Wear UV protected eyeglasses, wide-brimmed hats and caps.

Pterygium treatments

For minor Pterygium prescribed by the eye doctor

Mild steroid eye drops supervised by an ophthalmologist to prevent inflammation.

For severe Pterygium growth

If the patient was diagnosed with an extensive growth, wherein the abnormal fleshy tissue is already encroaching the entire cornea a Pterygium surgery is often suggested by the eye doctor. Before the Pterygium removal treatment, the patient undergoes a thorough eye analysis and briefing from the eye surgeon on what to expect after Pterygium surgery such as complications and cases of recurrences after the eye surgery.

Top advice

If you are unsure whether you have a Pterygium or not, better seek professional medical advice from a reputable eye doctor specializing in pterygium treatment. Knowing exactly up to what extent could an extensive Pterygium growth could do to your eye is the surest way to guarantee your vision will never be affected.

Remember, the eyes are our best buddies for total freedom to do the things we love to do most, so we must do everything within our means to maintain their top visual performances at all times and whatever is the Pterygium cost.