Dry Eye Symptoms: Facts And Cures To The Problem

Dry eye symptoms have many terms from dry eye doctors such as dry eye, dry eye syndrome, keratitis sicca, keratoconjunctivitis sicca or xerophthalmia and if you have been diagnosed with this type of eye disease, here are some of the common signs to watch out for:

  • Burning sensation.
  • Itchiness.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Redness.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Gritty or sandy feeling in the eyes.
  • Slight discharge coming from the eyes (stringy form).
  • Tearing.

If the patient is experiencing a severe case of dryness, the following problems could occur, especially if this condition is left untreated:

  • Inflammation.
  • Corneal infection.
  • Eye damage (scarring).
  • Worst possible side effect could be loss of one’s vision.

What are the causes of dry eyes?

There are 3 major causes of dry eye problem:

  • Part of the aging process that we will all experience later in life where the tear production of an individual decreases as we reached the elderly stage.
  • Dry eye disease may affect mostly women due to their hormonal changes that normally happen during pregnancy, menstruation and menopausal stage. The tear production tends to reduce at any point of the given cycles.

External factors found in our environment which may include:

  • Wind.
  • Dust.
  • Heat.
  • Air-conditioned rooms.
  • Smoke coming from cigarettes.

Solution for dry eyes:

  • Avoid excessive exposure to windy, dusty or smoky atmosphere.
  • Wear protective glasses.
  • Use of humidifier in confined rooms to provide adequate moisture in the air.
  • Blinking properly (The normal blink a person should do is every 12 seconds).
  • Minimize the prolonged exposure to computer activities like playing games.
  • If possible avoid wearing of contact lenses.
  • Use of artificial tear solutions and medicated eye drops formulated to treat dry eyes and lubricate the eyes.
  • If the dryness aggravates and affects the quality of life of the patient such as difficulty in keeping their eyes open or unable to work or drive, then, an extensive eye examination is advised by the eye doctor and patient is referred to a dry eye doctor who will require a series of eye tests that will measure the quality and quantity of tears produced.

General Advice

If the dry eye condition is causing you severe discomfort, visit your nearest dry eye center and request a dry eye specialist to assess you thoroughly and provide the appropriate eye medications or advanced dry eye treatments.

Avoid doing self-medication because this action might bring further harm or damage to the affected eyes. Seek immediate medical advice from your trusted eye doctor.