What Is Evaporative Dry Eye Disease?

One type of dry eye condition that can affect any individual is the evaporative dry eye disease also known as the “meibomian gland dysfunction”. For you to fully understand this particular eye problem here are some facts.

Definition of evaporative dry eye

An individual suffering from an evaporative dry eye condition has deficiency of tear oil layer which is essential in preventing the tear film from quickly evaporating in the eyes. Keep in mind that a person’s tear film is made up of mucus layer that is believed to coat the surface of the cornea and make tears stick to the eye. The next part of the layer is the hybrid layer which is made of water and oil. So, as you discover that the whole composition of our tear film has oil part in it, the tear oil layer plays a vital role.

2 major causes of lack of tear oil deficiency

  • Some individuals have clogged glands or they aren’t performing correctly known as the MGD (meibomian gland dysfunction).
  • Abnormal structure of the patient’s eyelid.

How is evaporative dry eye diagnosed?

Most patients suspected with this type of eye disease are required to undergo a full eye examination procedure, usually under a slit lamp biomicroscope. The eye doctor through this top performing magnifying device can actually see the openings of the meibomian glands. The quality and quantity of the patient’s tears are carefully examined and as for the case of evaporative dry eye condition, tears seem thick and frothy.

What are the possible solutions for evaporative dry eye?

The treatment for individuals with evaporative dry eye may vary and depend on the level of severity as well as other concerns that may aggravate the condition. Below are some of the common recommendations:

  • For mild cases of evaporative dry eye problem, warm compresses and eyelid massages are advised to the patient to facilitate proper functioning of the tear film.
  • Some eye doctors perform in-office expression for speedy healing process where the eye doctor will actually squeeze the patient’s eyelids to remove the material (sebum) inside of the glands.
  • A dry eye therapy treatment is also administered where a combination of antibiotics called “macrolides” is given to the patient. This type of antibiotic has a powerful ingredient that is proven to be effective in treating inflammatory conditions.
  • Special artificial tear solutions having the main component of castor oil or mineral oil is also suggested to treat this type of eye disease.
  • Devices such as Lipiflow thermal pulsation is a 12-minute outpatient office procedure which is a more definitive treatment for this condition.

Top advice

Many of us suffer from a dry eye problem and can go on without being detected or treated with proper medications or consultation with an eye specialist like a dry eye doctor, but when the symptoms of dryness become severe and affect our mobility from doing our daily activities, we need to seek immediate medical help and ask for the best solution for dry eyes.