What Is Pterygium?

If you are noticing an unusual reddish foreign body developing gradually around your eyes, particularly over your cornea, then, most likely this abnormal tissue is a pterygium. Still a bit unfamiliar about what is pterygium? Well, it’s about time you learn about the signs to check if you have it or not and the different eye surgery procedures that any eye specialist could recommend.

Meaning of Pterygium

Pterygium is the abnormal growth of a benign tissue, normally in the form of a reddish triangular or wing-shaped fleshy tissue that can grow over the cornea and in some cases its growth could be larger enough to affect one’s vision to complete blurriness. Among the external factors that could increase the possibility of acquiring this eye disorder is prolonged exposure under the sun or dusty environment.

What are the signs of a Pterygium?

Here are some of the common signs that can possibly detect the formation of a Pterygium:

  • A fleshy wing-shaped tissue usually in reddish form growing in the inner or outer corner of the eyes (grows from nasal white portion of eye over the color portion of the eye).
  • Unusual redness of the affected eye with blood vessels fully visible.
  • Frequent complain of burning sensation or irritation.
  • Occasional tearing.
  • Blurry vision when the pterygium growth exceeds the normal harmless limit meaning larger enough to cause obstruction in viewing things that could lead to astigmatism.

How to prevent the growth of Pterygium?

It has been proven that the major cause of Pterygium’s growth on anyone’s eye is excessive exposure under the harmful rays of the sun and the best way to combat is by wearing protective UVA and UVB sunglasses and hats with wide brims.

Who are the most susceptible individuals to acquire this type of eye problem?

People whose professions or lifestyles are mostly concentrated to outdoor activities:

  • Farmers.
  • Fishermen.
  • Field workers like those who are working in the construction industry.
  • Sport enthusiasts who are engaged in water sports like the surfers.
  • Patients who resided majority of life in environments near the Equator like Central America regions.

How to treat Pterygium?

For minor cases of Pterygium, pain can still be manageable through the use of artificial tears like lubricant eye drop solutions to lessen irritation and redness.

In severe cases, a Pterygium removal treatment is the only recommended eye surgery procedure to eliminate the tissue and improve one’s blurry vision effect.

What are the different methods of Pterygium eye surgery?

As modern science continues to develop, different methods are being introduced for the Pterygium removal, ranging from the conventional to the most advanced technique of eliminating a Pterygium. Here are the acceptable surgical procedures performed by a cornea specialist:

Conjunctival Auto-graft (With stitches)

This type of surgery is conducted by a highly skilled eye surgeon who has enough experience in doing auto-graft (self-transplant) where abnormal tissue is removed and new transplant of tissue is placed on the affected area to prevent any re-growth of the Pterygium. Tiny stitches are used to close the graft which can be dissolved after weeks of surgery or be removed by the eye surgeon.

No-stitch Pterygium

For quicker recovery and lesser pain, No-stitch Pterygium is widely favored. A patient undergoing this treatment could return to his/her normal daily activities 2 days after the surgery. The approximate time of the whole surgical procedure is only 14-21 minutes.

Proper eye care must be followed after the surgery, so that satisfying results could be achieved. If you are unaware of the prevailing Pterygium costs, do your research online and be updated with relevant facts.