Common Medical Procedures: Cure For Dry Eyes
Finding the right cure for dry eyes can be quite daunting, especially if you have tried all sorts of home remedies referred by friends and family members and still no improvement at all. With the accessibility to internet connection, getting the real facts or finding answers to our problems like the dry eye problem can now be made by just typing certain keywords associated to the topic of your concern and instantly you will gave a long list of topics that you can read and be informed.
But, for today with our mission to correctly inform all concerned individuals looking for the ideal dry eyetreatment, here are some facts that you must be fully aware of.
Causes of Dry Eyes
There are different causes of dry eyes and it’s very vital to know which of the mentioned below your dry eye falls:
- Women during or after the menopausal stage as well as those taking contraceptive pills.
- Individuals taking antihistamine, diuretic, antidepressant, anti-anxiety medications.
- Certain systemic illnesses affecting the ability to make tears like rheumatoid arthritis, collagen vascular disease, Sjogren’s syndrome.
- Diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease are the number 1 and 2 systemic causes for dry eye.
- Abnormalities in the structure of one’s eyelids.
- Aging process.
Aside from these causes, there are some external factors that may lead to drying effect of a person’s eyes such as extreme heat or windy environment, people who are mostly confined in air-conditioned rooms or long exposure in front of the computer screen (Computer Vision Syndrome).
The usual side effects felt by a patient with imbalance in his/her tear system
- Sensitivity to light.
- Blurred vision.
- Unusual feeling like the foreign body sensation or having sand in the eyes.
- Tearing (this is the number one symptom of dry eye disease).
Common medical procedures that may be prescribed by the dry eye doctor
Use of artificial tear solutions and ointments
This is the first eye medication often given that can be availed over the counter. If you have chronic dry eyes, it is necessary to keep your eyes lubricated even they are fine. Ointments are usually used at night to prevent the eye from drying while sleeping. There are many OTC artificial tear regimen options and only your eye care professional can recommend the proper regimen for your specific dry eye condition.
Temporary punctual occlusion
This is performed to close the ducts temporarily, using plugs that can be either removed or dissolved after a few weeks of insertion into the tear drain of the lower eyelids to check whether permanent plugs are required to facilitate the normal supply of tears.
Permanent punctual occlusion
If found that the temporary plugs worked effectively, permanent plugs are placed for adequate lubrication of the eyes. Patients with long-lasting plugs have found improvement and minimized the need for artificial tear solutions.
Patients with chronic dry eyes problem are given FDA approved eye medication called “Restasis”, proven efficient in improving a patient’s tear production when used continuously. It is the only current FDA approved medication that treats the cause of dry eye by increasing tear production at the lacrimal gland level.
Other prescribed medications
Other prescription eye drops and/or topical steroids may also be needed for patients with dry eye conditions.
After a careful eye analysis performed by a dry eye doctor, if diagnosed to have severe drying of the eyes, an eye procedure is advised to permanently close the ducts, so that more tears will stay around the eyes. This is an office procedure done with topical anesthetic and patient can resume back to his/her normal duties after surgery for dry eye.